Early Afro-Brazilian Soccer Stars and the Myth of Racial Democracy  

by Zachary R. Bigalke The ideology of racial democracy cast a long shadow over twentieth-century race relations in Brazil. First popularized by influential Brazilian scholar Gilberto Freyre, this theory presumed a level racial playing field that was paradoxically dependent on the whitening of the populace. Rather than helping to drive the country toward a multiracial…

The First European Teams

By Massimo Foglio The first footprints of football in Europe date back to Thursday, November 25, 1897. American art students in Paris, attending either the National School of Fine Arts or the Académie Julian, decided to demonstrate a custom from their homeland by staging a football game, hosted by the Racing Club de France. In…

Roundtable: Jürgen Klinsmann—A Retrospective

 By Benjamin Dettmar, Zach Bigalke, Cedrick Heraux, and Patrick Salkeld Hired in July 2011, fired in November 2016; Jürgen Klinsmann’s tenure as head coach of the United States Men’s National Team (USMNT) divides US soccer fans. It also divides our contributors. Klinsmann came to the US after a prominent career as a player and a…

Review of Soccer without Borders

Kirschbaum, Erik. Soccer without Borders: Jurgen Klinsmann, Coaching the U.S. Men’s National Soccer Team and the Quest for the World Cup. New York, NY: Picador Press, 2016. Pp. xxv+358. Author’s Note and Index. $25 hardcover. Reviewed by Cedrick G. Heraux Hired in July 2011 to coach the United States Men’s National Team (USMNT), Jurgen Klinsmann…