Supporters’ Clubs of USMNT, MLS, and USL: Vulgarity, Hooliganism, and Discrimination

By Patrick Salkeld Soccer started in the United States during the 1860s before the formal establishment of England’s Football Association. As professional clubs and leagues developed, they turned into businesses that relied on spectators to purchase tickets and attend the matches in order to make a profit. Without this commitment and support, teams collapsed—for instance,…